Level 1


* Pedagogy – Technique and Improvisation:

This subject aims to develop competency in:

  • the correct use of playing both tuned and untuned instruments,
  • using Orff processes in teaching music for children, such as: echo, canon, mirroring, simultaneous imitation, ostinato, question and answer, improvising, doh pentatonic – C, D, F, +G,
  • classroom conducting and arranging techniques such as: cueing, layering,
  • all of the Orff tools/media: speech, movement, vocal, body percussion, and instrument

* Recorder: Aims to develop:

  • appreciation of the recorder as a credible instrument,
  • correct playing technique of the recorder,
  • ability to play, imitate and improvise on C recorders beginning with a limited number of tones, developing through pentatonic scale to the major scales of C, D, F +G.

* Vocal:Aims to develop:

  • use of proper warmup techniques
  • competency in using improvised vocal sounds in echo, question and answer, accompanying poems, stories etc, responding to graphic notation, exploration of musical elements
  • competency in singing and improvising in the use of doh pentatonic with handsigns
  • part independence in singing ostinato and canon
  • ability to play a body percussion or instrumental part while singing.

* Literature, Orchestration and Analysis: Aims to develop:

  • Use of names, symbols and correct score positioning for all tuned and untuned percussion instruments,
  • use of all media/tools – body percussion, voice, movement and instruments – to accompany songs, movement, sounds stories and poems,
  • recognise and use ostinati in vocal, body percussion and untuned percussion to accompany a speech rhyme,
  • add bordun and pedal accompaniments to doh pentatonic songs.

* Movement and Dance: Aims to develop:

  • understanding and ability to participate in and use body awareness activities, various size class groupings, basic body activities of Laban (gesture, locomotion, turning, rising, sinking) movement elements (space, pathways, shape, level, direction, size, contour, speed, dynamics) in working with children,
  • ability to accompany movement with voice and instruments,
  • ability to teach a folk dance through imitation working with “simple to complex” process.

Summary of Assessment:

Prepared / Performed / Handed in

  • Peer Teaching tasks: where participants lead the whole group in short activities to demonstrate their use of Orff processes in teaching a class. Four tasks including teaching a folk dance.
  • Orchestration + Analysis: four arrangements to be handed in.
  • Prepare and perform a recorder piece in small groups.

Class Activities/Competencies Observed by Teacher:

  • Accompanying movement with voice, body percussion, tuned and untuned instruments.
  • Recorder: Play pentatonic scale C + G; play in C, D, F, + G major.
  • Vocal: Practise singing and signing in doh pentatonic.

There will be homework set by the course presenters during the Course, which is to be completed and submitted for assessment. At the end of the course, if you have successfully completed all tasks set and attended all sessions, you will qualify for the Certificate of Accreditation in Creative Music and Movement Education – Level 1. If, for any reason, you are unable to reach this point, you will be awarded a Certificate of Participation for your efforts and encouraged to complete a Level 1 course at another time.


  • Volume I, of the Orff Keetman Music for Children; Margaret Murray edition, Schott & Co.Ltd.4865 (This text can be ordered through VOSA – email sales@vosa.org to enquire. Cost approx $35.95).
  • Descant recorder (bring your own or order a recorder through VOSA. To order a brand new Yamaha Descant Recorder email admin@vosa.org. Cost approx $8.50)
  • Materials for music notation; pencils, manuscript paper, an eraser.
  • Alto or Soprano Xylophone (not essential. Local people who have one should bring one along – only good quality diatonic instruments with removable bars). Xylophones will be provided for those unable to provide their own.
  • Print out of the session notes