The Orff approach involves singing, body percussion, playing on a variety of both tuned and untuned instruments, movement and dancing, and speech activities to encourage active music making. It was pioneered by German composer Carl Orff and his colleague Gunild Keetman. Its foundation is focused on the needs of the child and the emphasis is on nourishing the musicality of each child through elemental activities in music and movement. Inclusivity, improvisation, flexibility and adaptability are encouraged by this approach to music. It is an approach to which every child can contribute and experience success.